Announcements about your neigbourhood

Like building plans and traffic measures

Services

Like taxes, benifits and subsidies

Policy & law

official government publications

Contact details governments

Contact details governments

Treaty

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

Treaty data

Treaty number 005004
Date of conclusion 09-05-1992
Place of conclusion New York
Provisional application
Entry into force 21-03-1994
Retroactive effect
Termination
Treaty Series
Consolidated text 0001115

Kingdom of the Netherlands

Provisional
application
Entry into force Retroactive effect Termination
Netherlands (in Europe) 21-03-1994
Netherlands (Bonaire)
Netherlands (Sint Eustatius)
Netherlands (Saba)
Aruba
Curaçao
Sint Maarten

PartiesParties with a link have a reservation.

Party Signature Provisional
application
RatificationS=Signature without reservation or requirement of ratification R=Ratification, Acceptance, Approval or Notification A=Accession Su=Succession NK=Not Known Entry into force Renunciation Termination
Afghanistan 12-06-1992 19-09-2002 (R) 18-12-2002
Albania 03-10-1994 (A) 01-01-1995
Algeria 13-06-1992 09-06-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Andorra 02-03-2011 (A) 31-05-2011
Angola 14-06-1992 17-05-2000 (R) 15-08-2000
Antigua and Barbuda 04-06-1992 02-02-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Argentina 12-06-1992 11-03-1994 (R) 09-06-1994
Armenia 13-06-1992 14-05-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Australia 04-06-1992 30-12-1992 (R) 21-03-1994
Austria 08-06-1992 28-02-1994 (R) 29-05-1994
Azerbaijan 12-06-1992 16-05-1995 (R) 14-08-1995
Bahamas 12-06-1992 29-03-1994 (R) 27-06-1994
Bahrain 08-06-1992 28-12-1994 (R) 28-03-1995
Bangladesh 09-06-1992 15-04-1994 (R) 14-07-1994
Barbados 12-06-1992 23-03-1994 (R) 21-06-1994
Belarus 11-06-1992 11-05-2000 (R) 09-08-2000
Belgium 04-06-1992 16-01-1996 (R) 15-04-1996
Belize 13-06-1992 31-10-1994 (R) 29-01-1995
Benin 13-06-1992 30-06-1994 (R) 28-09-1994
Bhutan 11-06-1992 25-08-1995 (R) 23-11-1995
Bolivia 10-06-1992 03-10-1994 (R) 01-01-1995
Bosnia and Herzegovina 07-09-2000 (A) 06-12-2000
Botswana 12-06-1992 27-01-1994 (R) 27-04-1994
Brazil 04-06-1992 28-02-1994 (R) 29-05-1994
Brunei 07-08-2007 (A) 05-11-2007
Bulgaria 05-06-1992 12-05-1995 (R) 10-08-1995
Burkina Faso 12-06-1992 02-09-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Burundi 11-06-1992 06-01-1997 (R) 06-04-1997
Cambodia 18-12-1995 (A) 17-03-1996
Cameroon 14-06-1992 19-10-1994 (R) 17-01-1995
Canada 12-06-1992 04-12-1992 (R) 21-03-1994
Cape Verde 12-06-1992 29-03-1995 (R) 27-06-1995
Central African Republic 13-06-1992 10-03-1995 (R) 08-06-1995
Chad 12-06-1992 07-06-1994 (R) 05-09-1994
Chile 13-06-1992 22-12-1994 (R) 22-03-1995
China 11-06-1992 05-01-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Colombia 13-06-1992 22-03-1995 (R) 20-06-1995
Comoros 11-06-1992 31-10-1994 (R) 29-01-1995
Cook Islands 12-06-1992 20-04-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Costa Rica 13-06-1992 26-08-1994 (R) 24-11-1994
Côte d'Ivoire 10-06-1992 29-11-1994 (R) 27-02-1995
Croatia 11-06-1992 08-04-1996 (R) 07-07-1996
Cuba 13-06-1992 05-01-1994 (R) 05-04-1994
Cyprus 12-06-1992 15-10-1997 (R) 13-01-1998
Czech Republic 18-06-1993 07-10-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Democratic People's Republic of Korea 11-06-1992 05-12-1994 (R) 05-03-1995
Democratic Republic of the Congo 11-06-1992 09-01-1995 (R) 09-04-1995
Denmark 09-06-1992 21-12-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Djibouti 12-06-1992 27-08-1995 (R) 25-11-1995
Dominica 21-06-1993 (A) 21-03-1994
Dominican Republic 12-06-1992 07-10-1998 (R) 05-01-1999
Ecuador 09-06-1992 23-02-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Egypt 09-06-1992 05-12-1994 (R) 05-03-1995
El Salvador 13-06-1992 04-12-1995 (R) 03-03-1996
Equatorial Guinea 16-08-2000 (A) 14-11-2000
Eritrea 24-04-1995 (A) 23-07-1995
Estonia 12-06-1992 27-07-1994 (R) 25-10-1994
Eswatini 12-06-1992 07-10-1996 (R) 05-01-1997
Ethiopia 10-06-1992 05-04-1994 (R) 04-07-1994
EU (European Union) 13-06-1992 21-12-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Federated States of Micronesia 12-06-1992 18-11-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Fiji 09-10-1992 25-02-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Finland 04-06-1992 03-05-1994 (R) 01-08-1994
France 13-06-1992 25-03-1994 (R) 23-06-1994
Gabon 12-06-1992 21-01-1998 (R) 21-04-1998
Gambia, The 12-06-1992 10-06-1994 (R) 08-09-1994
Georgia 29-07-1994 (A) 27-10-1994
Germany 12-06-1992 09-12-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Ghana 12-06-1992 06-09-1995 (R) 05-12-1995
Greece 12-06-1992 04-08-1994 (R) 02-11-1994
Grenada 03-12-1992 11-08-1994 (R) 09-11-1994
Guatemala 13-06-1992 15-12-1995 (R) 14-03-1996
Guinea 12-06-1992 07-05-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Guinea-Bissau 12-06-1992 27-10-1995 (R) 25-01-1996
Guyana 13-06-1992 29-08-1994 (R) 27-11-1994
Haïti 13-06-1992 25-09-1996 (R) 24-12-1996
Honduras 13-06-1992 19-10-1995 (R) 17-01-1996
Hungary 13-06-1992 24-02-1994 (R) 25-05-1994
Iceland 04-06-1992 16-06-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
India 10-06-1992 01-11-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Indonesia 05-06-1992 23-08-1994 (R) 21-11-1994
Iran 14-06-1992 18-07-1996 (R) 16-10-1996
Iraq 28-07-2009 (A) 26-10-2009
Ireland 13-06-1992 20-04-1994 (R) 19-07-1994
Israel 04-06-1992 04-06-1996 (R) 02-09-1996
Italy 05-06-1992 15-04-1994 (R) 14-07-1994
Jamaica 12-06-1992 06-01-1995 (R) 06-04-1995
Japan 13-06-1992 28-05-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Jordan 11-06-1992 12-11-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Kazakhstan 08-06-1992 17-05-1995 (R) 15-08-1995
Kenya 12-06-1992 30-08-1994 (R) 28-11-1994
Kiribati 13-06-1992 07-02-1995 (R) 08-05-1995
Kuwait 28-12-1994 (A) 28-03-1995
Kyrgyzstan 25-05-2000 (A) 23-08-2000
Laos 04-01-1995 (A) 04-04-1995
Latvia 11-06-1992 23-03-1995 (R) 21-06-1995
Lebanon 12-06-1992 15-12-1994 (R) 15-03-1995
Lesotho 11-06-1992 07-02-1995 (R) 08-05-1995
Liberia 12-06-1992 05-11-2002 (R) 03-02-2003
Libya 29-06-1992 14-06-1999 (R) 12-09-1999
Liechtenstein 04-06-1992 22-06-1994 (R) 20-09-1994
Lithuania 11-06-1992 24-03-1995 (R) 22-06-1995
Luxembourg 09-06-1992 09-05-1994 (R) 07-08-1994
Madagascar 10-06-1992 02-06-1999 (R) 31-08-1999
Malawi 10-06-1992 21-04-1994 (R) 20-07-1994
Malaysia 09-06-1993 13-07-1994 (R) 11-10-1994
Maldives 12-06-1992 09-11-1992 (R) 21-03-1994
Mali 30-09-1992 28-12-1994 (R) 28-03-1995
Malta 12-06-1992 17-03-1994 (R) 15-06-1994
Marshall Islands 12-06-1992 08-10-1992 (R) 21-03-1994
Mauritania 12-06-1992 20-01-1994 (R) 20-04-1994
Mauritius 10-06-1992 04-09-1992 (R) 21-03-1994
Mexico 13-06-1992 11-03-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Moldova 12-06-1992 09-06-1995 (R) 07-09-1995
Monaco 11-06-1992 20-11-1992 (R) 21-03-1994
Mongolia 12-06-1992 30-09-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Montenegro 23-10-2006 (Su) 03-06-2006
Morocco 13-06-1992 28-12-1995 (R) 27-03-1996
Mozambique 12-06-1992 25-08-1995 (R) 23-11-1995
Myanmar 11-06-1992 25-11-1994 (R) 23-02-1995
Namibia 12-06-1992 16-05-1995 (R) 14-08-1995
Nauru 08-06-1992 11-11-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Nepal 12-06-1992 02-05-1994 (R) 31-07-1994
Netherlands, the Kingdom of the 04-06-1992 20-12-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
New Zealand 04-06-1992 16-09-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Nicaragua 13-06-1992 31-10-1995 (R) 29-01-1996
Niger 11-06-1992 25-07-1995 (R) 23-10-1995
Nigeria 13-06-1992 29-08-1994 (R) 27-11-1994
Niue 28-02-1996 (A) 28-05-1996
North Macedonia 28-01-1998 (A) 28-04-1998
Norway 04-06-1992 09-07-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Oman 11-06-1992 08-02-1995 (R) 09-05-1995
Pakistan 13-06-1992 01-06-1994 (R) 30-08-1994
Palau 10-12-1999 (A) 09-03-2000
Palestine 18-12-2015 (A) 17-03-2016
Panama 18-03-1993 23-05-1995 (R) 21-08-1995
Papua New Guinea 13-06-1992 16-03-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Paraguay 12-06-1992 24-02-1994 (R) 25-05-1994
Peru 12-06-1992 07-06-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Philippines 12-06-1992 02-08-1994 (R) 31-10-1994
Poland 05-06-1992 28-07-1994 (R) 26-10-1994
Portugal 13-06-1992 21-12-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Qatar 18-04-1996 (A) 17-07-1996
Republic of Korea, the 13-06-1992 14-12-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Republic of the Congo 12-06-1992 14-10-1996 (R) 12-01-1997
Romania 05-06-1992 08-06-1994 (R) 06-09-1994
Russian Federation 13-06-1992 28-12-1994 (R) 28-03-1995
Rwanda 10-06-1992 18-08-1998 (R) 16-11-1998
Saint Kitts and Nevis 12-06-1992 07-01-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Saint Lucia 14-06-1993 14-06-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 02-12-1996 (A) 02-03-1997
Samoa 12-06-1992 29-11-1994 (R) 27-02-1995
San Marino 10-06-1992 28-10-1994 (R) 26-01-1995
São Tomé e Principe 12-06-1992 29-09-1999 (R) 28-12-1999
Saudi Arabia 28-12-1994 (A) 28-03-1995
Senegal 13-06-1992 17-10-1994 (R) 15-01-1995
Serbia 12-03-2001 (A) 10-06-2001
Seychelles 10-06-1992 22-09-1992 (R) 21-03-1994
Sierra Leone 11-02-1993 22-06-1995 (R) 20-09-1995
Singapore 13-06-1992 29-05-1997 (R) 27-08-1997
Slovakia 19-05-1993 25-08-1994 (R) 23-11-1994
Slovenia 13-06-1992 01-12-1995 (R) 29-02-1996
Solomon Islands 13-06-1992 28-12-1994 (R) 28-03-1995
Somalia 11-09-2009 (A) 10-12-2009
South Africa 15-06-1993 29-08-1997 (R) 27-11-1997
South Sudan 17-02-2014 (A) 18-05-2014
Spain 13-06-1992 21-12-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Sri Lanka 10-06-1992 23-11-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Sudan 09-06-1992 19-11-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Suriname 13-06-1992 14-10-1997 (R) 12-01-1998
Sweden 08-06-1992 23-06-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Switzerland 12-06-1992 10-12-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Syria 04-01-1996 (A) 03-04-1996
Tajikistan 07-01-1998 (A) 07-04-1998
Tanzania 12-06-1992 17-04-1996 (R) 16-07-1996
Thailand 12-06-1992 28-12-1994 (R) 28-03-1995
Timor-Leste 10-10-2006 (A) 08-01-2007
Togo 12-06-1992 08-03-1995 (R) 06-06-1995
Tonga 20-07-1998 (A) 18-10-1998
Trinidad and Tobago 11-06-1992 24-06-1994 (R) 22-09-1994
Tunisia 13-06-1992 15-07-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Turkey 24-02-2004 (A) 24-05-2004
Turkmenistan 05-06-1995 (A) 03-09-1995
Tuvalu 08-06-1992 26-10-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Uganda 13-06-1992 08-09-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Ukraine 11-06-1992 13-05-1997 (R) 11-08-1997
United Arab Emirates 29-12-1995 (A) 28-03-1996
United Kingdom 12-06-1992 08-12-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
United States of America 12-06-1992 15-10-1992 (R) 21-03-1994
Uruguay 04-06-1992 18-08-1994 (R) 16-11-1994
Uzbekistan 20-06-1993 (A) 21-03-1994
Vanuatu 09-06-1992 25-03-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Venezuela 12-06-1992 28-12-1994 (R) 28-03-1995
Vietnam 11-06-1992 16-11-1994 (R) 14-02-1995
Yemen 12-06-1992 21-02-1996 (R) 21-05-1996
Zambia 11-06-1992 28-05-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Zimbabwe 12-06-1992 03-11-1992 (R) 21-03-1994

Extensions

China

Extended to Entry into force Termination
Hong Kong SAR 08-04-2003
Macao SAR 20-12-1999

New Zealand

Extended to Entry into force Termination
Tokelau Islands 13-11-2017

Portugal

Extended to Entry into force Termination
Macao (<20-12-1999) 28-06-1999 20-12-1999

United Kingdom

Extended to Entry into force Termination
Bermuda 07-03-2007
Cayman Islands 07-03-2007
Falkland Islands 07-03-2007
Gibraltar 02-01-2007
Guernsey 04-04-2006
Jersey 21-03-1994
Man, Isle of 21-03-1994
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