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Treaty

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

Treaty data

Treaty number
005004
Date of conclusion
09-05-1992
Place of conclusion
New York
Provisional application
Entry into force
21-03-1994
Retroactive effect
Termination
Treaty Series
1992, 189
1994, 63
1994, 187
1996, 85
1999, 53
2010, 188
2010, 324
2013, 22
Parliamentary paper
23299
Consolidated text
0001115

Kingdom of the Netherlands

Provisional application Entry into force Retroactive effect Termination
Netherlands
(in Europe)
21-03-1994
Netherlands
(Bonaire)
Netherlands
(Sint Eustatius)
Netherlands
(Saba)
Aruba
Curaçao
Sint Maarten

Parties

Parties with a link have a reservation.

Party Signature Provisional application Ratification

S=Signature without reservation or requirement of ratification
R=Ratification, Acceptance, Approval or Notification
A=Accession
Su=Succession
NK=Not Known

Entry into force Renunciation Termination
Afghanistan 12-06-1992 19-09-2002 (R) 18-12-2002
Albania 03-10-1994 (A) 01-01-1995
Algeria 13-06-1992 09-06-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Andorra 02-03-2011 (A) 31-05-2011
Angola 14-06-1992 17-05-2000 (R) 15-08-2000
Antigua and Barbuda 04-06-1992 02-02-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Argentina 12-06-1992 11-03-1994 (R) 09-06-1994
Armenia 13-06-1992 14-05-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Australia 04-06-1992 30-12-1992 (R) 21-03-1994
Austria 08-06-1992 28-02-1994 (R) 29-05-1994
Azerbaijan 12-06-1992 16-05-1995 (R) 14-08-1995
Bahamas 12-06-1992 29-03-1994 (R) 27-06-1994
Bahrain 08-06-1992 28-12-1994 (R) 28-03-1995
Bangladesh 09-06-1992 15-04-1994 (R) 14-07-1994
Barbados 12-06-1992 23-03-1994 (R) 21-06-1994
Belarus 11-06-1992 11-05-2000 (R) 09-08-2000
Belgium 04-06-1992 16-01-1996 (R) 15-04-1996
Belize 13-06-1992 31-10-1994 (R) 29-01-1995
Benin 13-06-1992 30-06-1994 (R) 28-09-1994
Bhutan 11-06-1992 25-08-1995 (R) 23-11-1995
Bolivia 10-06-1992 03-10-1994 (R) 01-01-1995
Bosnia and Herzegovina 07-09-2000 (A) 06-12-2000
Botswana 12-06-1992 27-01-1994 (R) 27-04-1994
Brazil 04-06-1992 28-02-1994 (R) 29-05-1994
Brunei 07-08-2007 (A) 05-11-2007
Bulgaria 05-06-1992 12-05-1995 (R) 10-08-1995
Burkina Faso 12-06-1992 02-09-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Burundi 11-06-1992 06-01-1997 (R) 06-04-1997
Cambodia 18-12-1995 (A) 17-03-1996
Cameroon 14-06-1992 19-10-1994 (R) 17-01-1995
Canada 12-06-1992 04-12-1992 (R) 21-03-1994
Cape Verde 12-06-1992 29-03-1995 (R) 27-06-1995
Central African Republic 13-06-1992 10-03-1995 (R) 08-06-1995
Chad 12-06-1992 07-06-1994 (R) 05-09-1994
Chile 13-06-1992 22-12-1994 (R) 22-03-1995
China 11-06-1992 05-01-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Colombia 13-06-1992 22-03-1995 (R) 20-06-1995
Comoros 11-06-1992 31-10-1994 (R) 29-01-1995
Cook Islands 12-06-1992 20-04-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Costa Rica 13-06-1992 26-08-1994 (R) 24-11-1994
Côte d'Ivoire 10-06-1992 29-11-1994 (R) 27-02-1995
Croatia 11-06-1992 08-04-1996 (R) 07-07-1996
Cuba 13-06-1992 05-01-1994 (R) 05-04-1994
Cyprus 12-06-1992 15-10-1997 (R) 13-01-1998
Czech Republic 18-06-1993 07-10-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Democratic People's Republic of Korea 11-06-1992 05-12-1994 (R) 05-03-1995
Democratic Republic of the Congo 11-06-1992 09-01-1995 (R) 09-04-1995
Denmark 09-06-1992 21-12-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Djibouti 12-06-1992 27-08-1995 (R) 25-11-1995
Dominica 21-06-1993 (A) 21-03-1994
Dominican Republic 12-06-1992 07-10-1998 (R) 05-01-1999
Ecuador 09-06-1992 23-02-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Egypt 09-06-1992 05-12-1994 (R) 05-03-1995
El Salvador 13-06-1992 04-12-1995 (R) 03-03-1996
Equatorial Guinea 16-08-2000 (A) 14-11-2000
Eritrea 24-04-1995 (A) 23-07-1995
Estonia 12-06-1992 27-07-1994 (R) 25-10-1994
Eswatini 12-06-1992 07-10-1996 (R) 05-01-1997
Ethiopia 10-06-1992 05-04-1994 (R) 04-07-1994
EU (European Union) 13-06-1992 21-12-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Federated States of Micronesia 12-06-1992 18-11-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Fiji 09-10-1992 25-02-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Finland 04-06-1992 03-05-1994 (R) 01-08-1994
France 13-06-1992 25-03-1994 (R) 23-06-1994
Gabon 12-06-1992 21-01-1998 (R) 21-04-1998
Gambia, The 12-06-1992 10-06-1994 (R) 08-09-1994
Georgia 29-07-1994 (A) 27-10-1994
Germany 12-06-1992 09-12-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Ghana 12-06-1992 06-09-1995 (R) 05-12-1995
Greece 12-06-1992 04-08-1994 (R) 02-11-1994
Grenada 03-12-1992 11-08-1994 (R) 09-11-1994
Guatemala 13-06-1992 15-12-1995 (R) 14-03-1996
Guinea 12-06-1992 07-05-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Guinea-Bissau 12-06-1992 27-10-1995 (R) 25-01-1996
Guyana 13-06-1992 29-08-1994 (R) 27-11-1994
Haïti 13-06-1992 25-09-1996 (R) 24-12-1996
Honduras 13-06-1992 19-10-1995 (R) 17-01-1996
Hungary 13-06-1992 24-02-1994 (R) 25-05-1994
Iceland 04-06-1992 16-06-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
India 10-06-1992 01-11-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Indonesia 05-06-1992 23-08-1994 (R) 21-11-1994
Iran 14-06-1992 18-07-1996 (R) 16-10-1996
Iraq 28-07-2009 (A) 26-10-2009
Ireland 13-06-1992 20-04-1994 (R) 19-07-1994
Israel 04-06-1992 04-06-1996 (R) 02-09-1996
Italy 05-06-1992 15-04-1994 (R) 14-07-1994
Jamaica 12-06-1992 06-01-1995 (R) 06-04-1995
Japan 13-06-1992 28-05-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Jordan 11-06-1992 12-11-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Kazakhstan 08-06-1992 17-05-1995 (R) 15-08-1995
Kenya 12-06-1992 30-08-1994 (R) 28-11-1994
Kiribati 13-06-1992 07-02-1995 (R) 08-05-1995
Kuwait 28-12-1994 (A) 28-03-1995
Kyrgyzstan 25-05-2000 (A) 23-08-2000
Laos 04-01-1995 (A) 04-04-1995
Latvia 11-06-1992 23-03-1995 (R) 21-06-1995
Lebanon 12-06-1992 15-12-1994 (R) 15-03-1995
Lesotho 11-06-1992 07-02-1995 (R) 08-05-1995
Liberia 12-06-1992 05-11-2002 (R) 03-02-2003
Libya 29-06-1992 14-06-1999 (R) 12-09-1999
Liechtenstein 04-06-1992 22-06-1994 (R) 20-09-1994
Lithuania 11-06-1992 24-03-1995 (R) 22-06-1995
Luxembourg 09-06-1992 09-05-1994 (R) 07-08-1994
Madagascar 10-06-1992 02-06-1999 (R) 31-08-1999
Malawi 10-06-1992 21-04-1994 (R) 20-07-1994
Malaysia 09-06-1993 13-07-1994 (R) 11-10-1994
Maldives 12-06-1992 09-11-1992 (R) 21-03-1994
Mali 30-09-1992 28-12-1994 (R) 28-03-1995
Malta 12-06-1992 17-03-1994 (R) 15-06-1994
Marshall Islands 12-06-1992 08-10-1992 (R) 21-03-1994
Mauritania 12-06-1992 20-01-1994 (R) 20-04-1994
Mauritius 10-06-1992 04-09-1992 (R) 21-03-1994
Mexico 13-06-1992 11-03-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Moldova 12-06-1992 09-06-1995 (R) 07-09-1995
Monaco 11-06-1992 20-11-1992 (R) 21-03-1994
Mongolia 12-06-1992 30-09-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Montenegro 23-10-2006 (Su) 03-06-2006
Morocco 13-06-1992 28-12-1995 (R) 27-03-1996
Mozambique 12-06-1992 25-08-1995 (R) 23-11-1995
Myanmar 11-06-1992 25-11-1994 (R) 23-02-1995
Namibia 12-06-1992 16-05-1995 (R) 14-08-1995
Nauru 08-06-1992 11-11-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Nepal 12-06-1992 02-05-1994 (R) 31-07-1994
Netherlands, the Kingdom of the 04-06-1992 20-12-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
New Zealand 04-06-1992 16-09-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Nicaragua 13-06-1992 31-10-1995 (R) 29-01-1996
Niger 11-06-1992 25-07-1995 (R) 23-10-1995
Nigeria 13-06-1992 29-08-1994 (R) 27-11-1994
Niue 28-02-1996 (A) 28-05-1996
North Macedonia 28-01-1998 (A) 28-04-1998
Norway 04-06-1992 09-07-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Oman 11-06-1992 08-02-1995 (R) 09-05-1995
Pakistan 13-06-1992 01-06-1994 (R) 30-08-1994
Palau 10-12-1999 (A) 09-03-2000
Palestine 18-12-2015 (A) 17-03-2016
Panama 18-03-1993 23-05-1995 (R) 21-08-1995
Papua New Guinea 13-06-1992 16-03-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Paraguay 12-06-1992 24-02-1994 (R) 25-05-1994
Peru 12-06-1992 07-06-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Philippines 12-06-1992 02-08-1994 (R) 31-10-1994
Poland 05-06-1992 28-07-1994 (R) 26-10-1994
Portugal 13-06-1992 21-12-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Qatar 18-04-1996 (A) 17-07-1996
Republic of Korea, the 13-06-1992 14-12-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Republic of the Congo 12-06-1992 14-10-1996 (R) 12-01-1997
Romania 05-06-1992 08-06-1994 (R) 06-09-1994
Russian Federation 13-06-1992 28-12-1994 (R) 28-03-1995
Rwanda 10-06-1992 18-08-1998 (R) 16-11-1998
Saint Kitts and Nevis 12-06-1992 07-01-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Saint Lucia 14-06-1993 14-06-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 02-12-1996 (A) 02-03-1997
Samoa 12-06-1992 29-11-1994 (R) 27-02-1995
San Marino 10-06-1992 28-10-1994 (R) 26-01-1995
São Tomé e Principe 12-06-1992 29-09-1999 (R) 28-12-1999
Saudi Arabia 28-12-1994 (A) 28-03-1995
Senegal 13-06-1992 17-10-1994 (R) 15-01-1995
Serbia 12-03-2001 (A) 10-06-2001
Seychelles 10-06-1992 22-09-1992 (R) 21-03-1994
Sierra Leone 11-02-1993 22-06-1995 (R) 20-09-1995
Singapore 13-06-1992 29-05-1997 (R) 27-08-1997
Slovakia 19-05-1993 25-08-1994 (R) 23-11-1994
Slovenia 13-06-1992 01-12-1995 (R) 29-02-1996
Solomon Islands 13-06-1992 28-12-1994 (R) 28-03-1995
Somalia 11-09-2009 (A) 10-12-2009
South Africa 15-06-1993 29-08-1997 (R) 27-11-1997
South Sudan 17-02-2014 (A) 18-05-2014
Spain 13-06-1992 21-12-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Sri Lanka 10-06-1992 23-11-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Sudan 09-06-1992 19-11-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Suriname 13-06-1992 14-10-1997 (R) 12-01-1998
Sweden 08-06-1992 23-06-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Switzerland 12-06-1992 10-12-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Syria 04-01-1996 (A) 03-04-1996
Tajikistan 07-01-1998 (A) 07-04-1998
Tanzania 12-06-1992 17-04-1996 (R) 16-07-1996
Thailand 12-06-1992 28-12-1994 (R) 28-03-1995
Timor-Leste 10-10-2006 (A) 08-01-2007
Togo 12-06-1992 08-03-1995 (R) 06-06-1995
Tonga 20-07-1998 (A) 18-10-1998
Trinidad and Tobago 11-06-1992 24-06-1994 (R) 22-09-1994
Tunisia 13-06-1992 15-07-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Turkey 24-02-2004 (A) 24-05-2004
Turkmenistan 05-06-1995 (A) 03-09-1995
Tuvalu 08-06-1992 26-10-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Uganda 13-06-1992 08-09-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Ukraine 11-06-1992 13-05-1997 (R) 11-08-1997
United Arab Emirates 29-12-1995 (A) 28-03-1996
United Kingdom 12-06-1992 08-12-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
United States of America 12-06-1992 15-10-1992 (R) 21-03-1994
Uruguay 04-06-1992 18-08-1994 (R) 16-11-1994
Uzbekistan 20-06-1993 (A) 21-03-1994
Vanuatu 09-06-1992 25-03-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Venezuela 12-06-1992 28-12-1994 (R) 28-03-1995
Vietnam 11-06-1992 16-11-1994 (R) 14-02-1995
Yemen 12-06-1992 21-02-1996 (R) 21-05-1996
Zambia 11-06-1992 28-05-1993 (R) 21-03-1994
Zimbabwe 12-06-1992 03-11-1992 (R) 21-03-1994

Extensions

China

Extended to Entry into force Termination
Hong Kong SAR 08-04-2003
Macao SAR 20-12-1999

New Zealand

Extended to Entry into force Termination
Tokelau Islands 13-11-2017

Portugal

Extended to Entry into force Termination
Macao (<20-12-1999) 28-06-1999 20-12-1999

United Kingdom

Extended to Entry into force Termination
Bermuda 07-03-2007
Cayman Islands 07-03-2007
Falkland Islands 07-03-2007
Gibraltar 02-01-2007
Guernsey 04-04-2006
Jersey 21-03-1994
Man, Isle of 21-03-1994

Actions

With the exception of the depositary notifications, the information in the Treaty Database is offered as a public service and has no official status. For official publications, please consult the Treaty Series (“Tractatenblad”) on www.officielebekendmakingen.nl.